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How Often Should Health Surveillance Medicals Be Completed?
How Often Should Health Surveillance Medicals Be Completed?

Understanding State Regulations

Updated over a week ago

Health surveillance medicals are an integral part of maintaining the well-being of employees in various workplaces. However, determining how often these medical assessments should be conducted isn't a one-size-fits-all answer. The frequency of health surveillance medicals is defined by the health and safety regulators in each state. In this article, we'll explore the importance of these assessments and how their schedules are defined.

Health Surveillance Medicals: A Brief Overview

Health surveillance medicals are a systematic process designed to monitor and assess the health of employees exposed to workplace hazards. These medical assessments aim to identify any potential adverse health effects and allow for timely interventions to protect employees.

Scheduling Health Surveillance Medicals

The frequency and scheduling of health surveillance medicals are not uniform across all states and territories in Australia. Instead, these schedules are determined by the health and safety regulators in each jurisdiction. Here's how it works:

State-Based Regulation: Each state and territory has its own set of health and safety regulations. These regulations define the requirements for health surveillance programs, including the frequency of medical assessments. In most cases, these regulations align with the specific risks and exposures prevalent in that region.

Risk Assessment: Health surveillance schedules are generally based on a risk assessment of the workplace. The nature of the work, the materials and substances used, and the potential health risks are all considered. Higher-risk environments may require more frequent health surveillance.

Baseline, Periodic, and Exit Health Monitoring: Health surveillance medicals can fall into three categories - baseline, periodic, and exit health monitoring. The specific scheduling of these assessments is determined by the state regulator, and it depends on factors like the type of exposure and the nature of the work.

Legislation Updates: These schedules can change over time as legislation is updated, or new research findings emerge. It's essential for organisations to stay informed and up to date with the latest regulations in their jurisdiction.

Compliance with State Regulations

Organisations must ensure strict compliance with the health and safety regulations of the state in which they operate. This means conducting health surveillance medicals in accordance with the defined schedules. Failure to do so can result in legal repercussions and, more importantly, increased health risks for employees.

Seeking Guidance

To navigate the complex landscape of health surveillance scheduling, organisations often consult with experts in the field. Occupational health providers and Supervising Medical Practitioners (SMPs) such as KINNECT, are invaluable resources for understanding state regulations and developing comprehensive health surveillance programs.


The frequency of health surveillance medicals is a critical aspect of ensuring the well-being of workers. However, these schedules are not universal; they are determined by the health and safety regulators of each state and territory. Organisations must stay informed about their specific state's requirements and regulations, and, when necessary, seek expert guidance to develop and maintain compliant health surveillance programs. By doing so, employers can fulfill their legal obligations and, more importantly, protect the health of their workforce.

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